• Welcome to the online home of the Oman Medical Journal offering free access and publishing to all authors and researchers 

    Welcome from the Editor-in-Chief

    Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, BSc, MSc, MS, PhD

    Welcome to the home of the Oman Medical Journal. The OMJ was established in 1984 and has been published under the Oman Medical Specialty Board since 2007. Initially, we started with one issue a year, which later increased to four and then to six in 2011. We currently publish over 100 articles a year covering all aspects of medicine and healthcare. These are selected by our committed and multi-disciplinary Editorial Board.

    We take a no barriers approach to publishing and are proud to offer the journal free to all those who wish to read it and charge no publication fees to authors/researchers. We publish a wide range of articles, including original research, case reports, and preliminary studies. We also publish editorials and letters intended to inform and spark debate about key medical issues. We do this to complement OMSB’s mission to provide quality healthcare through quality medical education. As part of this commitment, we are listed and indexed in over 35 databases, and this number continues to grow.

    We have added some exciting new features to this website. We now offer our authors and readers the opportunity to access articles before they are published in print with our Ahead-of-Print facility. Readers will also be able to earn CME credits by completing Clinical Quizzes published in each issue.

    On behalf of the entire OMJ team, thank you for visiting the online home of the OMJ. We hope you will find this site to be a helpful resource. Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions, concerns, or comments you have.

    Ibrahim Al-Zakwani

    Articles and Issues


    Most Viewed Articles

    The most viewed articles from the OMJ.
    Volume 25, Issue 4 October 2010
    Peri-mortem Cesarean Delivery... A Reality not Fiction

    Roshina A. Khan


    Peri-mortem Cesarean Delivery... A Reality not Fiction


    Roshina A. Khan






    Antepartum hemorrhage is one of the leading causes of mortality around the world. It can result in hypovolemic shock leading to circulatory arrest during pregnancy. A well planned strategy is required for its management in all hospitals. To deliver a woman in this situation is a dilemma which needs very prompt decision and a swift speedy action. Not only the woman’s life is in danger, the fetus is also at risk and urgent delivery may be life saving for both mother and the fetus. All obstetricians should be trained to deal with such situation with full understanding and awareness of the condition.

    From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ibri Regional Referral Hospital, Ibri, Sultanate of Oman.

    Received: 17 Jul 2010

    Accepted: 21 Aug 2010

    Address correspondence and reprint request to:  Dr. Roshina A. Khan, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ibri Regional Referral Hospital, Ibri, Sultanate of Oman.

    Email: roshinak@hotmail.com; tipuu@omantel.net.om

    Article history:

    Volume 27, Issue 2 March 2012
    A Comparative Study on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology versus Fine Needle Capillary Cytology in Thyroid Nodules

    Leo F. Tauro, Geover J. Lobo, Hilda Fernandes, Celine George, P. Sathyamoorthy Aithala, Divakar Shenoy, Prathvi Shetty

      A Comparative Study on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology versus Fine Needle Capillary Cytology in Thyroid Nodules  
      Leo F. Tauro,1 Geover J. Lobo,1 Hilda Fernandes,2 Celine George,1 P. Sathyamoorthy Aithala,1 Divakar Shenoy,1 Prathvi Shetty1  
      DOI 10.5001/omj.2012.31  
    1Department of Surgery, Fr. Muller Medical College Hospital, Kankanady, Mangalore-2, Karnataka. India.
    2Department of Pathology, Fr. Muller Medical College Hospital, Kankanady, Mangalore-2, Karnataka. India.

    Received: 24 Nov 2011
    Accepted: 18 Jan 2012

    Address correspondence and reprints request to: Leo F. Tauro, Professor, Department of Surgery, Fr. Muller Medical College Hospital, Kankanady, Mangalore-2, Karnataka. India.
    E-mail: drlftauro@rediffmail.com


    Objectives: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC/FNA) is the primary investigation for thyroid nodules. Fine needle capillary cytology (FNCC/FNC) is an alternative technique not commonly used, though it is easy to perform. Both the techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages. This study aims to compare these two cytological techniques for better specimen and cytological diagnosis.

    Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 50 patients attending the FR Muller Medical College Hospital from May 2006 to April 2008. The patients with thyroid nodules (diagnosed by palpation) were subjected to both the cytological techniques; FNA and FNC. The specimen and results were compared and then correlated with the final histopathological findings wherever surgical specimens were available (38 cases).

    Results: The mean age of the patients was 39.16 with a female predominance. The majority of cases were diagnosed to have nodular goiters. The FNC technique yielded 88% diagnostic superiority and adequate specimens compared to 94% by FNA. Sensitivity was 50% for FNC and 100% for FNA while specificity was 100% for both techniques; accuracy score was 97.4% for FNC and 100% for FNA in predicting malignancy. While sensitivity was 75% for FNC and 100% for FNA; specificity was 100% for both techniques, and accuracy score was 97.4% for FNC and 100% for FNA in the prediction of neoplasia.

    Conclusion: The results indicated that there was no significant difference between the two techniques; if done in tandem can give better and accurate cytological diagnosis. In highly cellular lesions, in which abundant material was obtained, FNC was more likely to be diagnostically superior, but FNA can diagnose most of the lesions. In less cellular lesions, FNA is more likely to be diagnostically superior to FNC.

    Article history:

    Volume 28, Issue 5 September 2013
    Intraoperative Assessment of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Patency

    Senol Yavuz

    Article history:

    Volume 26, Issue 4 July 2011
    Spontaneous Rupture of Umbilical Hernia in Pregnancy: A Case Report

    Adamu Ahmed, Garba Stephen, Yahaya Ukwenya


    Spontaneous Rupture of Umbilical Hernia in Pregnancy: A Case Report


    Adamu Ahmed, Garba Stephen, Yahaya Ukwenya

      DOI 10.5001/omj.2011.70  
    Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria Nigeria.

    Received: 18 May 2011
    Accepted: 07 Jul 2011

    *Address correspondence and reprints request to: Dr. Adamu Ahmed, Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria Nigeria. Email: mrahmed1010@yahoo.com


    A 28 year old woman presented with a spontaneous rupture of an umbilical hernia in her seventh month of pregnancy. She had four previous unsupervised normal deliveries. There was no history of trauma or application of herbal medicine on the hernia. The hernia sac ruptured at the inferior surface where it was attached to the ulcerated and damaged overlying skin. There was a gangrenous eviscerated small bowel. The patient was resuscitated and the gangrenous small bowel was resected and end to end anastomosis done. The hernia sac was excised and the 12 cm defect repaired. Six weeks later, she had spontaneous vaginal delivery of a live baby. We advocate that large umbilical hernias should be routinely repaired when seen in women of child bearing age.



    Article history:

    Volume 27, Issue 2 March 2012
    What else could it be? History - quintessential forever!

    Chepsy Cherian Philip, Vipin Badhan

    Article history:

    Volume 30, Issue 2 March 2015
    Understanding the Concept of Brain Death in the Middle East

    Abdul Hakeem Al-Hashim, Mujahid Al-Busaidi, Mujahid Al-Busaidi

    Article history:

    Volume 27, Issue 4 July 2012
    Rose of Jericho: A Word of Caution

    Jumana Saleh, Lovina Machado

    Article history:

    Volume 28, Issue 1 January 2013
    Any Variation Existing in Pathways Inducing Hyperlipidemia in Experimental Animal Models And in Real Humans May Cause Difference in Treatment Success

    Sevket Balta, Mustafa Cakar, Sait Demirkol, Murat Unlu, Murat Karaman

    Article history:

    Volume 29, Issue 4 July 2014
    Acute Esophageal Necrosis: An Uncommon Cause of Hematemesis

    George Sarin Zacharia, K Sandesh, TM Ramachandran


    Acute Esophageal Necrosis: An Uncommon Cause of Hematemesis


    George Sarin Zacharia, K. Sandesh, and TM Ramachandran

      DOI 10.5001/omj.2014.79  
    Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Calicut Medical College, Calicut.

    Received: 09 Apr 2014
    Accepted: 01 June 2014

    *Address correspondence and reprints request to: 

    K. Sandesh,

     Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Calicut Medical College, Calicut.

    E-mail: drsandeshk@gmail.com


    Acute esophageal necrosis or black esophagus is an uncommon clinical entity, diagnosed at the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with the presence of strikingly black necrotic esophagus. Very often no definite etiology will be identified even though a large list of potential associations has been postulated. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is the most common clinical presentation, others being epigastric pain, retrosternal chest discomfort and dysphagia. Only about a hundred cases of acute esophageal necrosis have been described in medical literature till this date. We report a case of acute esophageal necrosis in an elderly female who had presented with hematemesis.

    Keywords: Acute esophageal necrosis; Acute necrotizing esophagitis; Black esophagus; Upper gastrointestinal bleed; Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
    Article history:

    For Authors

    The Oman Medical Journal accepts manuscript submissions through an external website, Editorial Manager.  

    The Journal has specific instructions and guidelines for submitting articles. Please read and review them carefully. Articles that are not submitted in accordance with our instructions and guidelines are more likely to be rejected.

    About OMJ

    Aims and scope
    Oman Medical Journal is an Open Access International Journal, which intends to engage and inform doctors, researchers and other health professionals by publishing a wide range of peer-reviewed articles. Our background is solidly grounded in publishing a high degree of articles covering all aspects of medicine.
    Information for subscribers
    Oman Medical Journal is published six times a year by Oman Medical Specialty Board. It is distributed free to all medical doctors and allied health professionals in various institutions locally and internationally.
    Authorship criteria
    Each author must contribute a significant segment and should take responsibility for the content and authenticity of the work as a whole. Authors must complete an Authorship form clearly stating their responsibilities, contribution and financial sources. Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email.
    Abstracting and indexing services
    The journal is listed in PubMed and PubMed Central, and indexed in Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Google Scholar, CrossRef, Index Copernicus, CINAHL, DOAJ, Global Health, Academic OneFile, Academic Science in Context, Academic Journals Database, CAB Abstracts, CABI Publishing, Chemical Abstracts, Cornell University Library, EBSCO Publishing Electronic Database, Embase, Electronic Journals Library (EZB), Expanded Academic ASAP, Genamics JournalSeek, Gale and Open J-Gate, GFMER, Health Reference Center, ICMJE, Newjour, SCIRUS, SCImago Journal & Country Rank, Scopus, Summon by Serial Solution, The John Rylands Library, UlrichsWeb Directory.

    Ethical considerations
    In all experiments and studies on humans or animals, authors must state whether formal approval from an Institutional Review Board or Ethics Committee was obtained in the Methods section of the manuscript. In the absence of such committee, the Declaration of Helsinki guidelines must be followed and be clearly stated. All studies on human subjects must include a statement that the subjects gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped to prevent human subjects being recognized. Experiments involving animals must be demonstrated to be ethically acceptable and should conform to national guidelines for animal usage in research.
    Copyright and photocopying
    ©2015 All rights reserved to Oman Medical Journal. All articles published represent the opinions of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the journal. No part of the journal may be reproduced or transmitted for commercial use in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or via any storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the journal. This open access journal is distributed under the terms of Oman Medical Specialty Board, permitting non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Published manuscripts become the permanent property of Oman Medical Specialty Board and may not be published elsewhere.
    Dr. Ibrahim Al-Zakwani
    Associate Editors
    Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Mahrezi
    Dr. Murtadha Al-Khabori
    Statistics Editor
    Dr. Abdullah Al-Maniri
    Editorial Board Members
    Prof. Samir Al-Adawi
    Prof. Yasser Wali
    Dr. Abdullah Al-Mujaini
    Dr. Adhra Al-Maawali
    Dr. Ahmed Al-Hashmi
    Dr. Ahmed Al-Jahwari
    Dr. Ahmed Al-Waily
    Dr. Faryal Al-Lawati
    Dr. Hatim Al Lawati
    Dr. Khalid Al-Thihli
    Dr. Khalid Al-Rasadi
    Dr. Khamis Al-Hashmi
    Dr. Khulood Al-Maamari
    Dr. Marwa Al-Riyami
    Dr. Mujahid Al-Busaidi
    Dr. Nihal Al-Riyami
    Dr. Rahma Al-Kindi
    Dr. Rashid Al-Abri
    Dr. Saif Al-Yaarubi
    Dr. Saud Al-Shabibi
    Editorial Office
    Medical Editor
    Dr. Ayshe Ismail
    Editorial Assistants
    Ms. Bishara Al-Mahruqi
    Mrs. Jenny Manoguid
    Mrs. Charie Ricafort
    Ms. Rabha Al-Abdulsalaam
    Mrs. Iman Al-Busaidi
    Technical Editor/Web Designer
    Mr. Amir Hussain
    Board Members
    Prof. A G Pusalkar, Lilaviti Hospital, India
    Prof. Dimitri Mikhailidis, University College London, United Kingdom
    Prof. Gordon Ferns, University of Surrey, United Kingdom
    Prof. Kichu Nair, University of South Wales, United Kingdom
    Prof. Thomas Walsh, Yale University, United States
    Prof. Walter Rosser, Queens University, Canada
    Prof. Dirk Deleu, Weil Cornell Medical College, Qatar
    Dr. Amy Young, Baylor College of Medicine, United States
    Dr. Bassem Saab, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon
    Dr. Celia Rodd, McGill University, Canada
    Dr. Helen Batty, University of Toronto, Canada
    Dr. Kenneth Mattox, Baylor College of Medicine, United States
    Dr. Khalid Al-Jabri, Al Mufraq Hospital, United Arab Emirates
    Dr. Mahfooz Farooqi, National Guard Hospital, Saudi Arabia
    Dr. Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, McGill University, Canada
    Dr. Michael Shevell, McGill University, Canada
    Dr. Murtada Shabrawi, Cairo University, Egypt
    Dr. Mustafa Afifi, Ministry of Health, United Arab Emirates
    Dr. Thomas Harle, Wake Forest University Medical School, United States
    No Prior Publication
    The OMJ expects that the articles it publishes will not have been published or released elsewhere before they are published in the OMJ. This allows time for the independent peer review of scientific findings before it is available to the public and protects the originality of content. Authors should also not release the details of their findings to the mass media before their work can is peer reviewed and published.
    Access Policies
    All articles are immediately available for free online at omjournal.org.
    Peer Review/Publication Process
    The OMJ uses a peer-review process to evaluate manuscripts for scientific accuracy, novelty, and importance. The careful editing process often requires extensive revisions and assures detailed checking for accuracy. Authors will be responsible for checking the accuracy of the final edit.

    All submitted manuscripts are read by the Editor-in-chief and at least one other board member. Only those papers that seem most likely to meet our editorial criteria are sent for formal review. Those papers judged by the Board Members to be of insufficient general interest or otherwise inappropriate are rejected without external review.

    Manuscripts judged to be of potential interest to our readership are sent for formal review, typically to two or three reviewers. The editors then make a decision based on the reviewers' advice, from several possibilities:

    • Accept for publication without alteration.
    • Accept after revision/extensive revision. Authors are invited to revise their manuscript to address specific concerns before a final decision is reached.
    • Reject, but indicate to the authors that further work might justify a resubmission.
    • Reject outright, typically on grounds of relevance, lack of novelty, or major technical and/or interpretational problems.
    Reviewers are welcome to recommend a particular course of action, but they will be considered along with other reviewers who may have different technical expertise and/or views. Typically, the Board Members make decisions based on conflicting advice and their understanding of the research. It can be the case that we do not always follow the recommendations of reviewers. We do not send details of the final decision to reviewers.

    In cases where the authors have been asked to revise their manuscript, we may return to reviewers for a second review. When reviewers agree to assess a paper, we consider this commitment to review subsequent revisions.

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    "Our background is solidly grounded in publishing a high degree of articles covering all aspects of medicine."